Located: Punjab A North IndianState
Main Tourist Attractions: The Golden Temple, Jalianwala Bagh, Wagah Border
Best Buys: Woolen tweeds, suiting, blankets, shawls in traditional weaves, ivory, swords in different designs, and carpets
Best Time To Visit: Ean Time of the Year
Amritsar city is situated in northern Punjab state of northwestern India. It is about 15 miles (25 km) east of the border with Pakistan. Amritsar, home to the Golden Temple is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India. It is an important seat of Sikh history and culture. Being the gateway for travellers coming to India on the overland route from central Asia it soon became the centre of various commercial activities.It is also the centre of Sikhism and the site of the Sikh's principal place of worship.
The Golden Temple
The Golden temple is famous for its full golden dome, it is one of the most sacred pilgrim spots for Sikhs. Built on a 67-ft square of marble and is a two storied structure. Maharaja Ranjit Singh had the upper half of the building built with approximately 400 kg of gold leaf.
The international border line between India and Pakistan. Wagah, an army outpost on Indo-Pak border - between Amritsar and Lahore, is an elaborate complex of buildings, roads and barriers on both sides. The daily highlight is the evening "Beating the Retreat" ceremony. Soldiers from both countries march in perfect drill, going through the steps of bringing down their respective national flags. As the sun goes down, nationalistic fervour rises and lights are switched on marking the end of the day amidst thunderous applause.
The memorial at this site commemorates the 2000 Indians who were killed or wounded, shot indiscriminately by Jalianwala Bagh the British under the command of Gen Michael O"Dyer on April13, 1919 while participating in a peaceful public meeting. This was one of the major incidents of India's freedom struggle. India was outraged by Dyer´s massacre. Gandhiji, called for a nation wide strike and started the Non-cooperation Movement, which became an important mile stone in the struggle for India´s Independence. Today this ground has been changed to a park and it has a pleasant garden. There is a narrow path between the houses which leads to the lawn of the park. At the entrance there is a memorial plaque which recounts the history. There is a well on the north side in which many people who tried to escape from the bullets were drowned, and remnants of walls have been preserved to show the bullet holes. At the east end of the garden there is a large memorial built in memory of those who died here.
Air: The Rajasansi airport, about 11 km. from town, is connected by domestic flights to Delhi, Srinagar and Chandigarh. You can get to town by a
pre-booked rented car, taxis or auto-rickshaws.
Train : Amritsar is connected by direct trains to major Indian cities like Delhi, Jammu, Mumbai, Nagpur, Calcutta and Puri .
Road: Well connected by road to places including Chandigarh (235 Kms), Delhi (450 Kms), Shimla, Kulu, Manali, Dharamshala and Dalhousie in Himachal Pradesh, Dehradun and Rishikesh in Uttar Pradesh and Jammu. There is also a bus service to Lahore, 35 km away, which is the only overland connection between India and Pakistan.